Modern Trends in Sports Administration and Management
One of the most important elements militating towards the development of sports football in Nigeria nowadays is a loss of effective control. A lot of answers are being proffered by way of worried and patriotic Nigerians each day to bail us out the quagmire. One of such solutions is this article entitled “Modern Trends in Sports football Administration and Management”. It is written by way of Dr. Joseph Awoyinfa, a lecturer in the Department of Human Kinetics and Health Education, Faculty of Education, University of Lagos, Nigeria; a researcher and academic representative. I become the character invited by using the writer and the college to check the book when it was offered to the general public on December 4, 2008, in Nigeria.
According to Awoyinfa, it’s miles a truism everywhere in the international that sport is now a reference difficulty that could now not be disregarded at diverse sectors of the economy and spheres of existence. The author adds that this article accordingly takes an important study topical problems in sports football activities administration and control, dwelling on theories and principles of cutting-edge tendencies in sports football activities administration and management including leadership, company, planning, motivation, etc.
The textual content includes sixteen chapters. Chapter one is christened “the concept of sports activities control”. Here, Awoyinfa says management is a concept that means various things to different humans at exclusive instances, as a consequence main to its multiplicity of definitions. He explains that control has been variously described as an art, a science, someone or humans, an area and a procedure.
This author expatiates that as an art, sports activities management is all approximately wearing out sports activities organizational capabilities and tasks through humans; even as-as a science, sports activities management is set establishing sports philosophy, laws, theories, standards, processes and practices. As an organization, in keeping with him, sports management is defined as a method of creating formal systems and a status quo based on a venture, objectives, goals, capabilities, and obligations.
Awoyinfa says as a person or organization of people, sports management might also check with the top alone or to all of the senior team of workers, committee, etc.; at the same time as-as a discipline, management is a discipline of look at with various subjects and topics. The creator illuminates that sports activities management as a method is set a scientific manner of doing things. Awoyinfa highlights management functions in sports management as making plans, organizing, staffing, directing/main, controlling, coordination, budgeting, and assessment. On whom a sports activities supervisor is, this writer educates that a sports supervisor is everybody at any level of sports company who directs.
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The efforts of other human beings towards the fulfillment of organizational desires sport-smart.
Chapter two is based totally on the issue matter of evolution and trends of sports activities control idea. Here, Awoyinfa discloses that the development of thoughts on sports activities control dates back to the times when humans first attempted to perform desires by way of running collectively in a set. In his phrases, “There was extreme thinking and theorizing approximately dealing with many years before the dawn of the twentieth (20th) century, which marked the beginning of contemporary sports activities management concept. Major efforts to expand theories and concepts of sports control started out from the early twentieth (twentieth) century with the work of Frederick Taylor and Henri Fayol. The commercial revolution of the nineteenth (19th) century probably provided the weather for this very serious theorizing.”
Awoyinfa provides that because the turn of the twentieth century, writers on sports activities control and enterprise idea have been propounding distinct theories about a way to control work and personnel extra efficaciously and efficaciously. This creator educates that the 3 most important schools of management idea are: the classical; the human-behavioral; and the integrative. Awoyinfa also highlights early sports activities control theorists; standards and traits of medical management; appraisal of the clinical control idea, and so on., on this bankruptcy.
Chapter 3 is thematically labeled “standards of sports activities management”. In this chapter, the educational consultant explains that sports activities concepts are the fundamental laws on which the practice of sports management is constructed. He provides that management standards have to, therefore, be primarily based on general phrases for them to be applicable inside game enterprises of varying sizes and man or woman. “Modern sports activities managers and administrators are predicted as a way to become aware of and use appropriate concepts which can be relevant to specific situations. This is due to the fact no unmarried precept can suit all administrative situations,” submits Awoyinfa.
He says the essential concepts of sports activities are the ones relevant to all sports activities organizations and as a result of their widespread acceptability, they are sometimes called “common principles of sports activities management”. This creator expatiates that some of these principles are: responsibility; delegation of authority and verbal exchange. As regards humanitarian principles of sports control, Awoyinfa identifies those as democracy, justice, human family members, sympathy, empathy, consideration, and humility.
In chapter four based on the concept of behavioral and motivational theories in sports company, the author says human beings are particular creatures as they behave differently underneath distinctive situations and are mainly difficult to are expecting. Awoyinfa stresses that considering humans represent the most vital detail in a sports activities business enterprise, sports managers need some information of why humans behave in a single manner or the opposite, so they (sports managers) can have an effect on humans to carry out exactly the manner sports activities corporations locate applicably.
One strong device this author suggests that can be used to elicit overall performance in athletes is motivation. In his phrases, “Motivation is something needed in sports activities organizations to make employees perform.
However, it has been an important and a complicated challenge for sports activities managers.” Awoyinfa further discusses improvement of motivational principles in sports activities employer; application of motivational theories to sports activities management; techniques of behavior modification, and so on., in this bankruptcy.
In chapters 5 to ten, the author beams his analytical searchlight on concern topics which includes controlling techniques in sports activities company; the concept of sports business enterprise; putting a layout in sports employer; the concept of planning in sports management; making sports businesses extra powerful in Nigeria and staffing in sports activities enterprises.
Chapter 11 is primarily based on conversation techniques in sports corporation. According to Awoyinfa here, the conversation is an important element in any organizational effectiveness because organizations cannot feature efficiently when verbal exchange abilities are missing among contributors. “Since communique is the moving spirit in a corporation, its absence may also make organizations standstill,” asserts this author.
In chapters 12 to sixteen, Awoyinfa X-rays concepts which include organizational modifications and improvement in sports management; leadership in sports activities administration and management; management and control of soccer as a coach; teaching human kinetics and health training in colleges and colleges; and business enterprise and management of faculties at diverse tiers of training.
As regards mode of presentation, this text rating a pass mark. For instance, the language is comprehensible and the ideas are brilliantly articulated. The simplicity of the language is expected, given the author’s twin expert history as a lecturer and pastor. To ensure clean observe of the text on readers’ part, Awoyinfa highlights the goals of each chapter at the start and ends with overview/revision questions.
What’s greater, he creatively embroiders the text with snapshots (pages 50, ninety-seven, 317, 330, 338, 395, and so on.) to decorate readers’ understanding through the visual communique. Awoyinfa includes references at the end of every chapter to fulfill the educational responsibility of supply disclosure and offer readers possibilities to examine extra. The inclusion of many references also confirms the intensity of his research. His use of visual distinction for the word “Modern Trends” in the name is emphatically innovative.